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Types of Product Defects

Defective products cause a significant number of injuries and deaths every year. The most common types of product defects are: design defects, manufacturing defects, and warning defects.

Product Design Defects

Product manufacturers are not required to design products that are completely safe or incapable of causing injury. However, they are required to design products that are reasonably safe for the products' intended use. If a product's initial design makes it unreasonably dangerous, the manufacturer can potentially be held liable (financially responsible) for injuries that occur.

To determine whether a product design is defective, Georgia courts employ a "risk-utility" analysis. According to this standard, a product may be considered defective if the risks inherent in the product's design outweigh the product's potential utility or benefit.

For example, many prescription drugs have the potential to cause dangerous side effects. This doesn't necessarily mean the drugs are defective. In order for a drug to be considered defective, the potential negative side effects and dangers must outweigh the potential benefits.

Product Manufacturing Defects

Even if a product design is reasonably safe, defects can be created during the manufacturing or assembly process.

Manufacturers may try to cut costs by using low-quality materials to build their products. For example, defective tires have been recalled because the manufacturer used low-quality adhesives to assemble tire components, resulting in tires that could fall apart while driving. The components of a product can also be assembled incorrectly. The wrong components could be used. Or a component could be left out, attached incorrectly, or damaged during assembly.

Contamination is another potential manufacturing defect. Contaminated food recalls are often in the news, but contamination can also occur during the manufacturing of prescription drugsmedical devices, and other products.

Product Packaging, Labeling or Warning Defects

Product manufacturers can also potentially be held liable for failure to warn of the potential dangers associated with using a product.

The type of warnings will vary depending on the product, its intended use, and the potential hazards associated with its intended use. Some examples are:

  • Potential side effects of taking prescription drugs.
  • The appropriate conditions in which to use the product (for example, indoors or outdoors).
  • Potential hazards for particular age groups, such as toys with small parts that are dangerous for young children.
  • Electrocution or other risks associated with using electronics or appliances.
  • The potential for injury or illness associated with using household cleaners, pesticides, or other chemical products.
  • The need for additional safety equipment when using the product.

If a manufacturer did not warn of a foreseeable danger at all, it can potentially be held liable for injuries that resulted from that "failure to warn." Manufacturers can also potentially be held liable for providing inadequate warnings, such as warning labels that are not easily understood, not visible enough, or not likely to be seen or read by a product user.

How do You Determine Whether a Product was Defective?

It is often difficult to determine whether a product was defective due to design, manufacturing or failure to warn. If you or a family member were injured by a defective product, it is important to have an experienced product liability lawyer on your side.

Contact the Hadden Law Firm today and put our knowledge and experience to work for you.

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